As China battles to overcome the global pandemic of Coronavirus, the country has been hit by another Deadly Disease known as “Hantavirus”.
The disease which resurfaced on Tuesday in China has claimed the life of a man from Yunnan Province shortly after testing positive to the Hantavirus.
According to China’s Global Times reports, about 32 other people have also been tested with the same virus and are awaiting results.
Historically, Hanta virus has been around since the 1970s. According to Centre for Disease and Prevention (CDC), Hantavirus is caused by rodents.
“Rodent infestation in and around the home remains the primary risk for hantavirus exposure. Even healthy individuals are at risk for HPS infection if exposed to the virus,” says Global Times.
It’s not transmitted from human to human, but more from rodents carrying the virus with humans.
Each hantavirus serotype has a specific rodent host species and is spread to people via aerosolized virus that is shed in urine, feces, and saliva, and less frequently by a bite from an infected host.
The symptoms of Hantavirus are almost similar to coronavirus which develop over 1 to 8 weeks.
The initial symptoms for Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome includes fever, headache, muscle ache especially in thighs, hips, back.
The person infected with hantavirus may also experience headaches dizziness, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea.
The person experience coughing and shortness of breath in case of late symptoms which may be fatal in cases.
Symptoms in case of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome develop within one to two weeks.
Early symptoms include intense headaches, back and abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea, and blurred vision.
In case of late symptoms, the person experience low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure.
There is no specific treatment, cure or vaccine for Hantavirus except medical care and ICU.
A patient with Hantavirus will be given Oxygen therapy to help address the respiratory distress. However, the earlier the patient reaches ICU, the better it is.
No case of the Hantavirus has been reported in Nigeria.